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Turkish modal music is an outcome of hundreds of years of artistic development in a multicultural environment geographically spread over three continents. Turkish, Greek, Armenian, and Jewish musicians have contributed to the creation of this prototype of a multicultural musical tradition.

The music taught at the workshop is based on the makam (modal) system. Makam refers to a set of rules that describe melodic progression. The general structure of any makam may be presented by musical notes, yet microtones and elements contributing to the music’s richness and variations cannot be written down. The true identity of makams lies in how they are composed and performed. Therefore, transmission and learning of this music is possible only through direct interaction with a master teacher—which is what this workshop provides, for the first time, in France.

Despite Turkish music’s status as one of the world’s great classical music systems, there is no site in France devoted to its pedagogy. Practice and learning directly from a teacher through a traditional system called meshk is essential for the continuation of modal music. This learning method involves transmission of knowledge from teacher to student—from master to apprentice. Because this tradition has nearly died out, the availability of master teachers is vital to its continuation. Providing an opportunity to learn from master teachers is thus one of our main goals.


Workshop Organizers


The Workshop of Ottoman Music is co-organized by the Centre Français du Patrimoine Culturel Immatériel (CFPCI) and Makam Odyssey. The CFPCI is a center of information, documentation, training, reflection,recovery, education and transmission, dedicated to intangible cultural heritage and cultural diversity. Located on the territory of the Marches of Brittany, it fulfills its task of organizing and [word missing] cultural education with local, regional and international partners. Makam Odyssey is a group of artists, intellectuals, friends, professionals, and volunteers in the cultural field, engaged in the transmission of Ottoman music and its makams, and the building of bridges between cultures.


Our Teachers


Omer Erdogdular and Ahmet Erdogdular are Turkish musicians and teachers who share with their international students a deep knowledge that comes from a “distant” culture. They are world-renowned practitioners of modal music and virtuosos on their particular instruments. Their teaching method is adapted to students of diverse backgrounds and varying levels of musical skill. Language and musical skills are never an obstacle: “We seek to experiment with dialogue between cultures, in a peaceful context and though mutual respect.”



The Workshop


The Workshop of Ottoman Music will provide a high level of musical education for musicians of all skill levels. The workshop offers a unique opportunity for students to experiment with diverse ways and means of making music. 

The workshop will take place from June 28 through June 30, 2019, at the Centre Français du Patrimoine Culturel Immatériel, à Vitré.

The three-day intensive workshop comprises 5 hours a day of classes (starting at 10:00 and ending at 18:00, with a lunch break).


Students can choose to join one of two classes, each with a master teacher: 1) vocal technique with Ahmet Erdogdular and

2) ney (Ottoman flute) with Omer Erdogdular 


Classes include instruction in repertoire and makam-based improvisation. The master teachers will focus on oral transmission of repertoire and technique, and accelerated ear-training. 




L’origine de cette musique est liée à la musique classique arabe mais a également été influencée par les styles byzantins et européens. Grâce au soutien des sultans, elle a connu un développement important et elle s’est affinée dès le 16e siècle à Istanbul, en prenant progressivement distance du système persan pour connaître son plus grand essor aux 17e et 18e siècles. A cette époque, elle a pu également exercer une certaine influence sur la musique occidentale par l’intermédiaire des janissaires qui visitèrent la cour de Vienne.

Programme pédagogique
Afin d’initier les participants à l’univers musical des makam, 
deux ateliers sont proposés  : 
 un atelier chantun 
 atelier ney, 
 ouvert aux instruments non tempérés

► Reconnaître les éléments clés présents dans les enregistrements anciens effectués par les dernier grands maîtres, comme par exemple Tanburi Cemil Bey (1876 - 1913). 
► Déchiffrer le système microtonal turc.
► Jouer plusieurs thèmes instrumentaux.
► Développer des ornementations et des éléments stylistiques (trilles, vibrato, approches, changement de timbre, interprétation, rubato, ...)
► Expérimenter les Usuls (rythmes) de base, comme le Sofyan et le Aksak Semai, mais aussi le Devri Kebir et autres Usuls.
► Jouer ou chanter certaines notes avec des intonations microtonales (commas).
► Contextualiser historiquement les compositeurs et compositions étudiés pendant le stage.

Objectifs pédagogiques 
►Jouer des thèmes issus des makam ottomans
Mémoriser, décrire et reproduire les thèmes étudiés.
Reconnaître et identifier les éléments stylistiques d’un répertoire et d’une conception musicale modale
►Interpréter des thèmes musicaux issus des makam ottomans dans le respect des éléments stylistiques 
Choisir des timbres vocaux et instrumentaux
Employer des techniques vocales et/ou instrumentales appropriées
Pratiquer des formes rythmiques
Appliquer l’ornementation
Appliquer des nuances
Pratiquer l’improvisation, ou les variations





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